Marking the centenary of the Modreeny Ambush
the War of Independence in Tipperary was remembered at an event held on June 3.
One that day, a 100 years ago, at 10am, an IRA Active Service Unit or Flying Column ambushed a party of 28 RIC police travelling in cars and on bicycles between Borrisokane and Cloughjordan at Kylebeg, near Modreeny.
The sudden and swift eruption of intense gunfire in the tranquil countryside left four policemen dead and five badly wounded. Two of the policemen killed, Constables Billy Walsh and John Cantlon, were stationed in Roscrea and two, Constables Martin Feeney and James Briggs were from Borrisokane barracks.
The 26 IRA attackers, under IRA Brigade O/C Seán Gaynor and ‘Flying Column’ O/C Jack Collison, comprised seven local Cloughjordan IRA volunteers with shotguns assisting the 19 men on the Flying Column. They withdrew without injury after the ambush and made good their escape towards Knockshegowna. Crown Forces burned six houses in the Cloughjordan area as an official reprisal for the attack.
Tipperary in the Decade of Revolution Group, supported by Cloughjordan Heritage and Drama Groups, hosted the small function, in compliance with Covid regulations, to remember this dramatic event appropriately at the site on the day of the centenary.
The event was attended by relatives of those involved on both the IRA and RIC sides. Wreaths and flowers were laid in memory of the generation involved in Ireland’s struggle for statehood, as well as those affected directly by the event. Speakers from families present noted how little or nothing was said about such events by previous generations.
Guest speaker Caitlin White from Nenagh, PhD candidate in the Public History Department of TCD, highlighted the importance of remembering and telling our history using the available sources. As we move from the centenary of the War of Independence into that of the Civil War, she noted the importance of accepting there are differing, but equally valid, perspectives of historical events such as Modreeny.
She said: “Commemorating the events of 100 years ago probes and challenges our perceptions of those events. We - representatives of both sides of the conflict and none - stand here today and share, listen and question as we remember. In so doing, we respect that there are different perspectives and there are complexities in the event we are remembering. This helps us create a more authentic construction of the past, and our understanding of it. It is these kinds of constructions that are crucial in the model of Ethical Remembrance promoted by President Higgins and others.”
She cited the example of two of the men on the IRA side at Modreeny, both from the village of Moneygall, Jack Collison and Joe Mangan, who would be killed fighting on different sides in the Civil War, which followed the Truce called just a few weeks after the Modreeny Ambush.
Tipperary in the Decade of Revolution have produced a high quality 50 page centenary booklet by local historians Seán Hogan and Ger Heffernan telling the complex story of this attack. The booklet is available for €5 at the MacDonagh Centre and at Sheelagh na Gig bookshop in Cloughjordan.